President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete
Dodoma (official), Dar es Salaam (commercial)
42,746,620m (2011, CIA WFB)
GDP Per Capita
$1,400 (2010 est.)
Tanzania is one of the best economic performers in sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture is the backbone of the economy and accounts for 85% of exports. Natural resources include gold and diamond deposits, and natural gas, which is currently being exported to markets overseas. Tanzania's industry sector includes processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The tourism sector is supported by national parks like Serengeti and the Ngorongoro conservation area. Public sector and banking reforms and an improved legislative framework have helped propel private sector growth and investment. The Main exports are sisal, cloves, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco, coffee and sisal.